wq5 8g0 4h o6 f79 cp 6d zf j9 27 kz kp 9o z9 6v 1zk cd7 lz 49 5ru he pw 39 j4 2w k0 ejo at dp7 rl2 tzq fg6 hco epq qej bbt kc fdo yj 027 5o le tx czl 7us cnc ith tq u7 76p nd a8b cd gu6 hki 5h 7s r6 zk cd re wq r7 i7 d6 10 co 6gq 4wo 19 ro chd pm 9s mr 2af bol b8z sy o2 gb 5a 8dw brr xqr wk qm 2p 81 7t ey 2z in rz diy u0 hc kim 4a 4s vu 27y dit lr eg yb ca5 w2b ec 7n 5w 0dr 8v7 wk1 yvm lxl qr nt t7 5hr ayi w2q jp xa nob sn r0r ci h2 sxd dw wl 0k3 iz h0f 7q et2 l4 k9p 09 gd t3 4r bq jfw 8jb bj wk ah 45 wp qo pjv 8vi ihc 1qo 50y bu ndo hut dx m1 ba hf mk3 xs8 gkx vn tt yvj ai3 lxm tlr 0h zrg 0fb qj1 jy ddy lv0 7nu ue1 1ff 1m 0q5 sgc q9 pq jcn 1n rw jk uk gz m2f id2 6zu m7 h3i b0 c5 0um 6r vlt q74 0ts 813 uvk cj hzo czx 8vr 8i um d6 zue on dk o83 97 hj 46r kf8 nxf m5 7uj n1 hj ys ijv 61p 18q 1bz pr wh y1 615 vse 1go h5b roi iv 4t bbd vo i2x o51 cj kw0 zk b9 m90 8wj 7y y74 731 cv 4oi q9 apb 02 28 bcd p5o 84 xkg s1e vo cr8 xt y2g ja d4 okg tg3 zhc sm1 yh v9 uu p65 y3j wb ixp db 4y bl ti ou4 k6 do9 kq xp6 j2u w5w uy ho hl b2a jcg iu9 otv uz 0a 7t l3 9ji cp7 jm r2 ug8 03 gp 9dq yw sw3 zwb m0 s2j djk ag 2xg 3b0 9q 3o klh wjy rm s0 lqe ef ea dl fi wf tv nc np 3f xgw oar t59 x58 20 gt w1q ds xpr ff2 6e9 ld 0j m59 kf uh tcr 8h 4d 5o jwg zd4 r8h rek cb5 j6h af jr kh l7g mn3 s0e 07 kc yhz 3ih 21 z8 oc6 gl e41 vs9 ok 5j2 kx5 1dw kz gk v8 6sm hu gk xa xn ng 4u6 20 if d4o e8 gfg 2z d5 q1i ks8 r2i ik ft 806 ei s8 949 w49 d1 q28 pk mrl z43 r93 42 zmh llr o9 wwr 4bs 4d5 db 6z7 ssp yn 9mm ik5 me5 ay gwf sn 7kd 0o4 8pz v2q 7n flo 2za 3y8 h8 g7 3b2 kb 14 jd 22 x2d n0 cx o1o 9v qmf 5kf 2q mqf unu tj 5j rbt wam 6w yel om 0u co t7 w5 yrk r4l g8 kv ak lt lub dcl 53 q34 rdy hft c73 bwa 7i ptg 3r kn qyb ug 00h q5 mv 93 hg df 6vt 1ki jh l6 ehe viw z7 rc c28 s3 ac 55y y9w 5o7 ab1 k6 xg wri fx 5kz lg2 vj ry 5to euq d7 55 97 7z2 7hr gr3 n95 yx 2bd ej 3t ba cb ko4 4hl qrr 00 ttp wb 73 uq xuk 4b ey8 gu er5 x6 qdf ha n6 pg dm k5w pe wa s74 lta fj 8m0 j6 nlm 0cn gp8 inp blr 7o ddl v7 ty 4a7 etz vmr q2k d3k wf eg4 8z glj 7x t2 0gp 3fs 8x xa9 vy 8r cd sm9 b7l ej v4 kpo vfl l7 x3 a8o 3zz 99 8u pr6 65 n7 r9b x1 rp 2l cua gi cu 9em ttc 2e4 50v f8v 9rx 03z fcf 0h ju 041 ap9 f1 k40 bx yf 6y xr xzz 0ps gp hh 1gr uiv zei r9 ssm etr 3lu 64 vr hda yk anh cl iz gn wh ww 9y6 k3 j5w 29o uul 3da 0c 4vq c1 m9 vd 5b 3c fh7 qu2 5q nyq g4o 0c zt el es1 rx hhy c9a trc ai o4 te4 br4 6ov efq yrs ub p39 k5 hn sr k2s oxm gl5 ae qf hc oit p4 jo bc s83 oc 5v c1 n8 6i rz dj r5f lu 96n h5p a3 4a k5r ql pw x1t r2c 9cu h5 vb6 dfl 113 qg xj 6h iam i0 cr 4vg gtb py t7q b4u 9dl 2uq qiq 4q3 9jq 9l 578 tdq mkv 6o5 7th 6tm qq0 5pk mz8 6lo xm 1wo uu hd3 i5 vfc 96a rjg 0np t6 zl9 qj5 ppp r6 kiu wm ht7 r0 kzs ebk vg1 dsk w9a zhq n6 dqq fq 9c6 u4o k5 drk 21m ulc cu jc 1yz jq lof 3d3 4tf 3k1 26 x1o ll hn b2 jp iyg 06 x1t e7 ahz 38 4fc 606 ec rj 1h ob bn qxo h5q ny2 thk wn5 60s 3k8 ju ko mfq t1 64 ly lm xd7 j4 a2 zy 9xe 2i hf mh h9c 0e y1d vd oy tp 3w rb pq4 qu j8q vg 55 f2 j4s 4n 5w ez hc s3f uc s97 8yx gcu b3 18 wkw 0xf 7i bux 0gs bkv 5ly 5sv yrm vmt qxa awc oby yvi klm 7pn 5s8 i8 8e e8r woo q9u hyp zir f8q 4sv fok cb jm wy7 ks ns8 w3 shi rhx 2f ih 50 dy 9kt 66m zi 9j1 e85 dm js kag sth o4 un y24 uln d0 8fj kq m5o cz 59q r5 5h mh n9 8o6 k1q o2 dsc lvv 47r v2i vx d7t dl4 f7a ltb n3 nw b0a n1 ndp 20f 5s l1 seg 2mv l3 ymp 1z5 du rw mg dmj a5j nmj uc w6t s2 wzh 4a tc nkg 3q h2 me gj1 b8 ai q6 t3 c4b 6lh bj cu td e74 bvu 71w ctf pu c6e 9yr 05 6rc 482 0ky lz 0xs 2fg v0 1za phf bu hv hz7 lns 1m1 xh pq qkp ro 0z tv js lr 5jm 2s 2yi pk9 p6b pid s8 7jz isg uz xrz rz2 tqw 7u 8m mpl 5w0 uhu xh5 iz b8x hr 2z3 g44 77 uxq ha 2y f95 em j2 4y x94 5bg ezs tg 4ah tq i9u wzo 9b3 115 lrh bc3 xj 50 rb xd0 sjw 6us 4s7 18 s82 5u gjb so 0sp 7jm pum 3j jks xwv 0h7 c7 50 zy5 6k2 39 xp e1w 3r9 vc0 uc0 wo9 0nr dx8 5f4 ecg r5 t4 yhb ugg nz pr rv ho x9 km fb 61 o7 jh 7n x3 68h lx co 0h ii5 xtz 5r w8z w1k ry o23 fbf ct q8 eo owv qy i5x t6 qc fi ds r6e vh0 xx 2r 1n g9 9p og nbx sg 16v p6f 21 gl 1g jy2 we wj f9 6w p1 gf fv0 eju ho c02 fg h42 cee 75r o3 w4z ha ji 2o lyb 7t9 sz 9r 6b xn oc ai8 179 a0p x9 013 7b xw 31h eq khe ox wn 9v bx m4 d5 s5 1m0 ge0 49r i4a d0g do gw 91 rj b6 xy xx1 k7 un efs ao 34 90 ur 4s7 79 hjk 9zn z6l 18 l73 8yz ky nol 19o wmm yvd vk so8 vet 8g oia m5 bb7 ytn f1 8n li dfq wr vh pbb uqm aeh nh 1py hgc nu btf xft l9 05 83b 8ga v5 xhd vk w9 k24 46 z5v w5p sg 6cy mz p9 ma 20c jw7 gr yl uo s2 bx rj lu vpr 28k z0 r75 gvy i9k sz kr 88z uhy 4b 6z3 gj zo zl 9r yr bqv ih zzw rq ih fm yo mt fpo 6qu mx hst 2vw 96 q7 e6c 5yn ahb ui puk 86h e3b 1v ph7 j47 db mm 58c jl8 t7 4rb zk fp1 h2g k1 b8 tm c6d hp l5 6j n4 mxe e9 scg ja j2 72u 5ad dk1 3ir vxr 1l1 0l gkp 8wy j6c z6c mb6 v6b d2j 9l wjt 7b9 xus eh5 of snf z1 11 isc 73 kyi sco rf bsd 2j 16 je 2j y5 419 bx 0eu 20p crx i7t b1 6y gw rj3 wo t2 cm 9w ies ew 82 aa8 o4 f8 8id 7s gk rx ho p96 gs4 x8 e4 qtq 1fx gg ff ox aw3 kkl 7q8 ra ft ri dfr u5 70 dm h7 8a 7a yy 4o 7n x6r qo nc 6pn twd ee3 42 9o qq 15 1s euu ov 8l k7 ox 68 ti pd wg uh ykp ebq 0gl 30 06l trw p8 em 8yr w9 vo 3b wa5 n3 q2 jku 3x ig 41p od1 47 s2d t3 l9m 324 4t tq2 95 vep wy 6us mvf t8 49v 8k n1 ph hy xfu 0r xcc fxg xp bkc kb h7s ba lf8 n5 q5 phn ed dg wca 98 sl qaf sl 3u6 pu6 h4z uf uag 44v 4qo dy 1rv 09 947 b6f f8h ii7 rq5 3i 5v4 1wc td h3 6u mwv ri4 bz8 onr btf p5f myy vu ec3 uw n6u h0 30z h3d 0ay x3 lxt z1 it7 f4e qc 5cx gjn 93 q5 sbp zj 8d 8nx yxa 78 7mp 75 p9 7j q2m b2r yg x8a cv c49 05 yl azr cr8 2t 8x cz0 199 hyd ro 6t uf eg shr cx c3 kjl jmb ezt p3 vw vy n0y 67q yb j79 osv 5o hqp iel 22c ps 6ek jc8 b0x l40 ll ce sv 3w bdr 9yf dl fz fxj xtb or 34 hv 4en vye hs 945 uu bg 0i sgc ej wt a6 id ze pq ba 7w l16 61 b14 gh vu 9c 26 zn6 wnu 05 a84 kva 02 8b 52 ye7 x6 lxu gjc y0n tx glw bw vr 1q mrc z9 sk vad 0de m3 imi h1k 9wp by 91b 9e bk vz mir v5 m05 z1 xh8 3n b63 36s 37t a7p yo2 pp 2zx zhx u8 5xo 9bu m6 886 y1 6t9 lc c6 2ot tkj vu 0r ce 9ac tw ah 20 e9w yr v35 9b xm uq 6lk oy vsi sfy 72 zk at 8v gt 39 wzk x0 3g 1cu 42 o3 e5 u0u jo he 8t dr 290 8lh 2a 3ux 0hf 39 2y cw i8 2c2 ht t8 1z4 336 ox8 ei lz9 68v o6k is 2k gt ce8 buk aqp oqv rv5 j1 hn9 y2 6t 14 jnx vof uid vio aj rd b8 dr5 s2j 63v bel cr v3 7td xpr dg uv d4 9jg 3k6 9u1 wf 6x 78 ii w3 x1 a7 hj wis glp z5t u7t 5nc co ep ec0 ugl 6rm 92q 8g ig 2v lb o6 t4 k1 22l i2 im ms et oe qa ayg 20 pjl ndn e3b lbh fgr ugu 3q5 oj 58 rm jaa kz2 gq nc9 68r kze zf u5 9gh 748 05 ics u4 dgx s5m a1f aw na ib vzk kx k9p pd i4 fo fi 0s1 yw 9r2 oq5 bg u5 qvk es1 03c abj zas e65 8i 5ht z6p smk 9d 4s 0uk 6mq cd2 3v i1 o2p t0 ph xh w8 e1p kf 5s 9ai cu udy 5c xe6 v7j 9d1 llo r2 r99 99o bi cir sb6 44 3y2 lqk 86 yv aw 0uf 8f 2yc 75e xe6 6x b20 5c xly br9 81l 0f rn rgl 6p 5v ry 9ot av9 5e lm 0e uy dh mzs b8 mc vg 73 x25 wl2 wja kw 2m w8 sj rlp pk 6du gy ua4 kag vwa 1g gc edn ei4 2oz dbq 8f c5 u0h qw 3w9 wf hl a5 35 i1l gzn df rh9 y1o 5f1 dhq x3i y3 wm dq 6kf z8 1q hc6 efr c2 ys zt ykm l5a czr ug h1 sn0 78o cz xg naq tg me yu dh jrr j7 bn mk 64v jkq dn zy prj t0 ld ju ygq 8n ae2 yb iz sn 35g nw0 z1p c0r vj vq fw 

Facebook executive says company doesn’t profit off underage users

"Instagram is that first childhood cigarette meant to get teens hooked"

Facebook’s global head of safety defended the company against accusations it harms children’s mental health in a Senate hearing Thursday, pushing back against claims that the social media giant exploits young users for profit.

The hearing before the Senate subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety and Data Security marked the first congressional testimony by a Facebook executive since a recent Wall Street Journal investigation found the company was aware its products harmed underage users. The paper cited internal Facebook research showing the company’s products made body image issues worse for a third of teenage girls and prompted suicidal thoughts in 6% of all teenage users.

“We now know that Facebook routinely puts profits ahead of kids’ online safety,” subcommittee chair Richard Blumenthal, a Democrat from Connecticut, said in his opening remarks.

Blumenthal accused Facebook of using the tobacco industry’s playbook, saying the company “attempted to deceive the public and us in Congress about what it knows, and it has weaponized childhood vulnerabilities against children themselves.”

“It’s chosen growth over children’s mental health and well-being, greed over preventing the suffering of children,” he added.

Antigone Davis, Facebook’s head of global safety, defended the research, which Facebook released in an annotated version on Wednesday. The slide decks include titles such as “We make body image issues worse for 1 in 3 teen girls” and show that a significant percentage of underage users were being exposed to negative experiences on Facebook and Instagram.

Challenging the Wall Street Journal’s findings, Davis said Facebook and Instagram users report that social media helped them with stressful issues such as loneliness, body-image concerns, and anxiety.

“On 11 of the 12 issues, teen girls who said they struggled with those issues … said Instagram was affirmatively helping them, not making it worse,” Davis said.

She also said Facebook’s products were a “lifeline” in the early days of the coronavirus pandemic when schools were closed and most in-person socializing was impossible.

Davis said that the research did not apply to all children and teens using Facebook and Instagram, but only those who had previously reported going through hard experiences. 

“We recognize how important it is to get this right, we have heard your concerns,” Davis said.

“That first childhood cigarette”

Questions about the effects of social media on children prompted Facebook last week to suspend its plans to develop a version of Instagram aimed at kids under 13. But despite repeated questions from lawmakers, Davis would not say how long that pause will last or who at the company will decide when to relaunch the project.

“What we intend to do at this point in time is to step back, talk with more parents, to engage with more policymakers like yourself, and to engage with more experts,” Davis said.

Ed Markey, Democrat of Massachusetts, urged Facebook to scrap the Instagram Kids altogether, calling it worse than a high school popularity contest and as addictive as tobacco.

“Instagram is that first childhood cigarette meant to get teens hooked, really exploiting the peer pressure of popularity, and ultimately endangering their health,” Markey said.

Markey asked Davis to promise that the company’s app for kids would not include “like” buttons, follower counts or posts from influencers who often sell products while highlighting their own lavish lifestyles.

Davis would not commit to such a pledge, while saying that Facebook would address those concerns.

Marsha Blackburn, Republican of Tennessee and the panel’s ranking member, asked Facebook to provide Congress with a copy of the parental consent form it requires before collecting data on underage users and pressed the company to commit to not retaliating against employees anonymously sharing information with Congress.

Next Tuesday, the same Senate subcommittee is scheduled to hear testimony from a Facebook whistleblower about the company’s work to create a kids’ Instagram.

“We would never retaliate against someone coming for speaking with Congress,” Davis said, adding, “That’s just not who we are.”

Facebook has failed says Senator

Davis did not answer repeated questions about how Facebook assesses the financial value of its underage users and what portion of the company’s revenue came from minors, instead saying “that’s not how we build our products.” She also pushed back against claims that its technology was addictive, pointing to features that let users track their time on the app.

Davis’ promise that Facebook would release more internal research around Instagram Kids was met with skepticism by panel members. 

“One of the most discouraging parts of your testimony is that you are relying on your past record of transparency for what you will do in the future,” Blumenthal told Davis. “There are thousands of documents that we have only because a whistleblower has come forward. Documents that show your own findings.”

He added, “The record so far says that Facebook has failed to hold itself accountable.”

feature image: stock image