Published July 25, 2022

Pope sorry for forced assimilation of Indigenous people at residential schools

The Pope received applause from many in the crowd of thousands.
Pope Francis Indigenous Headdress - CP

By Brittany Hobson and Fakiha Baig in Maskwacis, Ian MacLennan - Barrie 360

Pope Francis says he is sorry for the Roman Catholic Church's role in the cultural destruction and forced assimilation of Indigenous people, which culminated in residential schools. 

Tears streamed down the faces of elders and survivors as Francis apologized Monday in Maskwacis, Alta., south of Edmonton, after visiting the site of the former Ermineskin Indian Residential School.

"In the face of this deplorable evil, the church kneels before God and implores his forgiveness for the sins of her children … I humbly beg forgiveness for the evil committed by so many Christians against the Indigenous Peoples," Francis said through a translator at the community's powwow grounds.

He received applause from many in the crowd of thousands as he said he felt sorrow, indignation and shame. Others sat in contemplation with their eyes closed when the pontiff said the actions of the church were a "disastrous error incompatible with the gospel of Jesus Christ."

Francis asked for forgiveness, in particular, for "the ways in which many members of the church and of religious communities co-operated, not least through their indifference, in projects of cultural destruction and forced assimilation promoted by the governments of that time, which culminated in the system of residential schools."

Francis spoke in Spanish, his first language, and it was translated into English by a priest. Translations were also available in several Indigenous languages.

He said begging forgiveness is the first step and there must be a serious investigation into what took place. Francis also called the overall effects of the policies linked to residential schools "catastrophic."

Following his apology, Francis gave Marie-Anne Day Walker-Pelletier, a retired chief of Okanese First Nation in Saskatchewan, a pair of moccasins. 

She had given the children's moccasins to the Pope when an Indigenous delegation visited Rome earlier this year. They were meant to represent children who never came home from residential schools and she had told the pontiff she expected him to return them when he came to apologize on Canadian soil.

An estimated 150,000 Indigenous children were forced to attend residential schools in Canada, where neglect and physical and sexual abuse were rampant. More than 60 per cent of the schools were run by the Catholic Church.

Eileen Clearsky from Waywayseecappo First Nation in Manitoba held photos of her mother and father during the apology. She said she wanted to honour her parents, who were both survivors, and to find healing for her family.

"It’s been a long journey to find out who we are because of the legacy that residential school has left behind for us to deal with," Clearsky said. 

Chief Wilton Littlechild presented Francis with a headdress. The former member of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission attended residential schools for 14 years as a child in Alberta.

Littlechild said he hopes the Pope's visit furthers a pathway of justice, healing, reconciliation and hope.

"We sincerely hope that our encounter this morning and the words you share with us will echo the true healing and real hope for generations to come," he said.

Earlier in the day, Francis held his own face as he was brought in a wheelchair to a graveyard in Maskwacis. Organizers said there are likely remains of residential school students among the graves.

The Ermineskin school was one of the largest residential schools in the country. Five teepees were set up at the location for the Pope's visit — four representing the nations of the land and the fifth as symbol of the entrance to the former school.

Organizers said sacred fires were also burning in communities throughout the country in solidarity.

Chief Ted Williams of Rama First Nation told Barrie 360 that Monday's ceremony was about honouring the survivors and families from the residential school experience. But he hopes as the Pope's visit continues that it will be action-oriented.

"An expression of sincere sorrow and a commitment not to make mistakes further as a church," says Williams. "And that disclosure would follow the release of full documentation that the Pope has access to, and obviously responsibility and reparations to provide the necessary supports for families of the residential school experience."

"Hopefully with each day, there are new learnings, new understandings, and a deeper sense of forgiveness."

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Gov. Gen. Mary Simon, as well as other political and Indigenous leaders, were at the event.

Francis was set to speak later Monday with Indigenous Peoples and parish members at the Church of Sacred Heart in Edmonton. 

Later in the week, the Pope is scheduled to host a large outdoor mass at the city's football stadium and take part in a pilgrimage in nearby Lac Ste. Anne, before travelling to Quebec City and Iqaluit. 

Banner image: Pope Francis adjusts a traditional headdress he was given after his apology to Indigenous people during a ceremony in Maskwacis, Alta., as part of his papal visit across Canada on Monday, July 25, 2022. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Nathan Denette

This report by The Canadian Press was first published July 25, 2022.

— With files from Kelly Geraldine Malone in Winnipeg

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