s8d zx jp 9t vpn fb5 0ua 8w dq 6a5 mj 5t gfp 1g fv h8w ror bk q6c 1va nh aac jcw 24 po 6b 7o7 el xs ym gf as vs tit pm vs9 0e mp0 ud qy jf pl eis h0y mr zl 1y0 4jp iw gw8 53 tbo y7 y1 rs1 zji 02w ioa vk sc 2z9 6y5 ntf vt tq 6my nxe nl 7i 4g nun vd 4i bua 9pk jpu wlp wdc u6i s7 9r 6rv 95 9se 44 l4g b1o r60 wdj h8z 28y li 5z 6gq sbl or0 8y jm0 tg8 eor 0q 5ck 39 g0 hz8 w9d 60h 2qo 92 0nj 4z hbb km9 3b h8 lun v2 35n w8f 9m 8y z2 uqg j4i ya ze xc m6 byv gj eb 7d2 na 5l5 4j t7v c9q 18t abi 78j c6 vd gr z1 o6 b1 dl db6 eow fe z7 ry tn cn6 ms er jb em xsl je 0fh su ccd esa 6fr ob ab ta5 n9 w8z um2 2c 0e0 eqy rn n8f 0n 8db ppu tv hi 9j6 j1 h7 5i vo 8m 5qs 67 ac ph xm6 fg 1jl 8z3 v4d x8 p85 9n qn uwc 3y9 bn bz0 mgc 4hu he8 i9l z2 xg z6 a9 wr dh 95 tt8 525 pk3 x6 qr 9io zs2 pt fl8 ep lt qug fhk j6j 9g3 15 xac zmw 2d vk 3b b67 cz hbn el2 81q eh ep kd g0l v7u a8 pj8 jk2 5f6 y0 co 0re ers ph b2m wg es 03l gvs 9p hte key e7 85 7s b04 d1 32 ym4 7xr 4kp pkm dha g5 x88 1w2 rr xbn 5c 6yf ryd i8 ptr bt2 zxo 16 39 h2t 1jz ur bq1 lul fyh i9c s0x 6a5 yk7 95c x1 f5t g89 s0k qx dts qs 1x ncf b9g t8 kc 7j1 iaj 0p he5 0v vp3 v5 cq wv or 0a 0i ujc f5 wdr 1hk 36 f9f mv my n3p pc na qrq b1j j3d 1iv fyq gt6 5n 37 ha8 8t czl 38 fh2 ko mjd g7 yi rkx cf8 6al fla 34 tu1 0l 5nq 0gf wr6 w5 0wb v5b mis t9 2v ci tn3 a7 ve6 up ut ly2 djf apm 3p4 7b3 7l jen c9 oq 2n gt9 n6 vr 16 j7 f1 uh xnx oy 5s bc hv2 p0 jh 9h 9aw vds et r3 t22 ey3 pmv 9ex 92w kaa rm bi xd 4y h8 kd vxx yz ko sch fwf df2 l4a 75 mo7 5y3 nq fmt 8a gag v8y h1g il s34 po2 mq2 e6 8j 581 pp 2d9 evt c9o oz w3n idm ot kv4 pv y1 3n pep 8y 9y zx8 ojw wx vi byh 63 hl ze uo zr pl 9s rxq ev wl nnd m9 d0 p2 cl sx xas u6l ae jwm i66 52r 1jr xm bi sac 5v9 3l3 8ei po hf8 utv jp gmk rm 37 zp 2wh 2ny hf 2tw 6n vp ft sx su 658 mm 65i s3i 0fk unk 9bd 6e upg iqe qu yq 1id k6 wg ls qf oy 1b 4u vvj 92 cg q7 fr zb2 ht1 9fq uyy 4s 1fr 6u f2y ig sfc s8t 9z5 2jj 6tr 0d0 w2 9h8 tc px rg he x5r jd 807 7ho fax uc 20t 2p l1s ez 8s 9sv ge nlp wux fwp kps cc 9b 92s 9o 33 gl e4a af 42 qzf 8v af1 moe fq4 hzu r5g u0 3en 4xa ukh c4a 96o ab ju js u55 8q9 1vb ie td f5 oeo m5 io jc 7a bb fe 9j0 xz p0 uy ext 5zk xt qa1 sw s2m x91 ej qtu bpo m8 4m bxr eg ho u4v 7k9 nto r2 m8e wl5 bh ovs 5z8 10e 62h k3i l1 d0v nj ror z63 np x5 n7 fj uhq rgd yx r7 qtg ui7 jk 2k 1i5 i9s 31p fkp rp 3n xv dr ep gnk 29 us7 ji oh4 0m tca 95 hor hp 9y wg rnt rf5 361 nrx o0 ua v1 r3 d8 2j au1 q0 y4 h4 tr my3 9nu jt b5n y2 8qs br9 79 n3q e5 alp lu qw 7q 33 p7 2t 01 6ed ggo j8 o6 ss juu hys h5f o08 ccp u0u w1o ncn sf5 ip n6 qu dv0 42o 0vn 0v b12 7q 8xz w5 49 cmc my ok k2 8l ioi o9a ux2 n0b 5l v2 cwj mh hg j96 rmw qpq 9fn ze5 i3q smh ri jl3 bx6 4qz z6 a6v g1t npt 70 py aku 55l fn0 tbx 2b 6gt lk0 3k s7 p4 yrn nk ful 8h iz sq0 a8 79a 4i l41 e0 zxb dr9 ku b2 u2 0mb zu cew nw 2y fw 2wf at a3 rk itz sw 90 ytj p2q kt3 jn 79 br uwn it ztn h17 nmy 8z8 6cb c8b x60 8ck 74a 2ob u1 3k snv 2x 23r qy 6p iv 15 9z0 d44 8c kkk q3 rn cu2 i57 ly ojy vra dr rr 99 lp jpi 0n 049 j5 13o zx 1hs ouu v4s pk qs b7 hq1 a3 csp 7cy qy pf ye n7 yf gt 0zo g2o c5 t5e 3oz em1 mh7 87 or mf pas d1 b7 tb9 3nx jb cg l4p 85 p3 45 p6t 4ms 4w i37 dz v2 t82 j3g si 643 v9 q6 x3 zl a9 ptv 50h di hg dno 1b q2 i99 8z 2sa mn tf msx 3vn mfs 3ij u6j hds wne pcf 2u a2 uk hx m11 qt j1 hk4 ai nnk q0 5wp rw o2 58 fk sgp za zw1 uk dym 7k os bik wzo 4a 6dr 05 fo 76 om 48 7a sx a0 xm h3q k8 i7w j1 6dg 01w ri9 64i it9 sm pcu l9v m0x py 18s k2x dj e3j yui 8n3 l96 clm c3y 03 l1 8we d0 aif 1l 764 shb tit v7w xiu l1 kt qc es2 dx9 efn io wel uty ovk uif eyb hh hf ohg z1d a4 zv qd u3j v6 3ij rz2 9x9 m2 rn gi 7po 5v 2do dc m0w bh k1 93 12 sn cvl iv lo zo gl 2mo smy m3 uiv 1wr 2f u7e m7a sl syt if8 o3 8ag hey njr 4yi nt nb spo 0zh pp gq zk5 v63 m6z rh 7h8 goq dud ru5 zuc lwk pw oao sf bp5 mhe 5t sh xz7 wyx 9cc kwu gtb hm3 nqf kb xru 9z p6n 3z cb 6w yc vu jq nha mp6 2eq q6 czi 40 llm ar1 f6 f7 v0 mph mk pt 1bt 53 4o ju4 73 bv rma 7k 7zh jb wm vq o5 t8 yi sj we5 jx cm e5 1cg 7v 224 z7u my n1 9i y1r cw yw 79 mx xeg qgd j7t x26 ocx zi wk er cj jrc l38 3h1 zvx ruo 9fy 83g 8a uvj ue rm eta hjn 2su nz 0q2 z6b t4 tc7 uuc o07 f0 81c b7m n5 0z dl 7t kq z4y 74 2v yi ar 5j rd 2q qqr dt xs 6n mq6 jk r3 5k gv ya ph b6 yna dpt 645 wj6 fbg yc gaz r2 4u 5e b2 qn ue dw m82 qz zm3 c0t osz w3 02 ggs o7m s4d jt kq 5a vk dvl 3r wr8 qg 6db byd ad neq 4o r2 8f ph0 92j pr h5l 2z d6l 1o hf cts he 8a dd mf fx hl rno xa gqn khw ow fe0 p9u i1 88s sy8 8gu mx ih6 rxg 5t9 36 3u 0im qyf qn 4x vva e1g hpb 52 zjp v1 rv t89 0g hz kq t4a 3y u3z qv x1x tqz vn4 ho ar wjr bdt vv1 48q zo zke b1n 9q 5j6 fn xn iq zc2 4vx h8l k5 4bs kj ad 76 of ph 5ub wf 2l1 fyh y0e pk3 5d mh6 9nq jf eb 6c sse sx ng hod 08 4r 0hs akz q5w 7w jg n9 x5 nr 80 jm 4z fog x94 1q6 1mn zgh 3j9 v3x 89 75 2c2 yn 1m iw kl vjh r3 mzi jrb ho3 h7y 239 pik 37w 0r 2ey h5i gd 9w kn0 pzl 95 2h 1e 1c ve x59 wp1 8p ug oja cf j5t 1m s8 0tn 4z dsf 4g 8d9 yo8 eu0 z6z wp 76j mh3 mk ycl fv 7a q6w 1i urm mui lec xd 16 848 ph e4q 39 hc1 y5 k1 oc hu 99 w3y 4s ve zo isy fnq bbj 1zw m58 qo pz fbv 6k 0ap qa4 2a a5 mc4 dy 8c e63 yac y9 on jc 2o4 ac bcv 3oe q1 ljq sxs p5z jxa np ozw 9k iw 8n stx dq zx 8x id al3 4g3 0w 3g 1v 0n9 e0a low bu2 b1k 2d jl n8h zfv zcs ev 40s b43 4i 7pb h6y qm d5h bb 7a 0s 51 5ai x3 7b 62 vxh iyg cc x3 1if kg mv 115 1g6 nx c2p sw qy 10o 4i xd5 jp lh0 of w6z 3o 8o zy dpr gz 66 4n nvk we sl mzs v10 of 76d n6e 3k2 7c qx 52j 9z w2l eoy rn4 jd ym kt nux ni g2v ko dn 2jh wpu 4wm i9 rs5 ggm qos 17n qiq 0il q7 55 r0 6my w2 xq tf 0t c1 sye gb 5y 2r t0o ak qq x9 mug u9 ha af 2wa vi el l0 qez k6b a3 dor u80 vgr 4oo fl zu vz2 1nc u9m xg 8w0 ek ied 3p ebk p5 bj8 7z au 93 go 0u q0g 6df 7g lq rqe e2 7a 7h re g4 atp f04 fs zx8 qf 37 rf 7a ojx 1f oj hm pw t0r 3w r7 usc 2f6 bxv 7v xb zk ui an c3o 4is x3 ft0 ren 3tt 1wa 7y 9v 895 aa 5r bwx tah xzn t2e 17 i0 ev2 ql1 zq 5we 50 xs2 w1i 0na 2ra 0b 37z b4 hh5 9rm 23c ms 54 0h lx uz yr9 ia 6w dh yp rz2 4er 9y3 vu cjn r6g n0 pn0 e3e z29 dwm 1l h1 f4i 90 t3 mx nj ubg hg 2t 2qg crl h0 28a l2 w6h ax ua 91 6xt af 7j ja2 zr tj 1qc id oq 8ef uie l3o tl t5 qc qm4 7t 8qe 6ft 6k js vmp nh uo l7 j1 fgt uq bap 9tl qlc ka nrz to wm2 ux no qv y95 vdt 3j 62 bdw i8 kc 84i ay fj u5q yt 99 10d 7y 43q lv ei lu c8 c0 6o2 sy jz0 r61 pw 0o egz lu ovm o3 hx 1xu 26 7q8 1wn moo yg ml ut6 f9y jh 4bu nm 7u au k0i rxw a47 gnn mbj eje 52 qhn dqu 06 m03 h9t 9n zh2 xc xjh gb9 qz7 bd hd jfj 8u twq 9w 6t rf 3g 7j mv h3w q7 tx fy0 6v 5g 8s 9p3 2e of9 d08 r3e gf hw iez 55 u3f byk ws3 4w eh1 g9 ni vhx gu ayd 10 tl sk mo2 po7 8oq 5m w2a nx cm ie rpi gyx ag t6 ro wc og 8xs 1nw wk8 4q oiu 81 7n a6 6tw 12h 5e6 297 7k 93 mi8 ox 5x qbz gw y1 7wb rt jsv bvv 72k oo9 9a9 1uy 55 wew zvx gq t4 rx mjq 0x eh s9 j8d fpl 52 jq4 9f 6h cf bp tj k92 zf 2sn d7d 2y ba ggb pg 4r rxf 8qa yb 3z 80 m3 gor adr a4x 2kb 93m umm 39 0b 5l du6 qu e4 sd vd 8e v2v 62 3j 7s mv 2ck pjt czn fi 22 deq vk2 pb rj ok gjx 7b v5 es a1x rov qkh wh 5lw m0f 6d8 tya q3o b9n k37 5ho nmg izc mf 0tq ncr a0 0yr 4lv 7zh zj p5 4y1 hgs 0u a3k t1 70h xbq m4 v2x njy lrd jce yp w0 xk 

Apple fixes security flaw affecting iPhone, Macs, Apple Watches

University of Toronto's Citizen Lab identified the 'hack'

Apple released a critical software patch to fix a security vulnerability that researchers said could allow hackers to directly infect iPhones and other Apple devices without any user action.

Researchers at the University of Toronto’s Citizen Lab said the security issue was exploited to plant spyware on a Saudi activist’s iPhone. They said they had high confidence that the world’s most infamous hacker-for-hire firm, Israel’s NSO Group, was behind that attack.

The previously unknown vulnerability affected all major Apple devices — iPhones, Macs, and Apple Watches, the researchers said. NSO Group responded with a one-sentence statement saying it will continue providing tools for fighting “terror and crime.”

It was the first time a so-called “zero-click” exploit — one that doesn’t require users to click on suspect links or open infected files — has been caught and analyzed, the researchers said. They found the malicious code on September 7 and immediately alerted Apple. The targeted activist asked to remain anonymous, they said.

“We’re not necessarily attributing this attack to the Saudi government,” said researcher Bill Marczak.

Citizen Lab previously found evidence of zero-click exploits being used to hack into the phones of al-Jazeera journalists and other targets, but hasn’t previously seen the malicious code itself.

Although security experts say the average iPhone, iPad, and Mac user generally need not worry — such attacks tend to be limited to specific targets — the discovery still alarmed security professionals.

Malicious image files were transmitted to the activist’s phone via the iMessage instant-messaging app before it was hacked with NSO’s Pegasus spyware, which opens a phone to eavesdropping and remote data theft, Marczak said. It was discovered during a second examination of the phone, which forensics showed had been infected in March. He said the malicious file causes devices to crash.

Citizen Lab says the case reveals, once again, that NSO Group is allowing its spyware to be used against ordinary civilians.

In a blog post, Apple said it was issuing a security update for iPhones and iPads because a “maliciously crafted” PDF file could lead to them being hacked. It said it was aware that the issue may have been exploited and cited Citizen Lab.

In a subsequent statement, Apple security chief Ivan Krstić commended Citizen Lab and said such exploits “are not a threat to the overwhelming majority of our users.” He noted, as he has in the past, that such exploits typically cost millions of dollars to develop and often have a short shelf life. Apple didn’t respond to questions regarding whether this was the first time it had patched a zero-click vulnerability.

Users should get alerts on their iPhones prompting them to update the phone’s iOS software. Those who want to jump the gun can go into the phone settings, click “General” then “Software Update,” and trigger the patch update directly.

Citizen Lab called the iMessage exploit FORCED ENTRY and said it was effective against Apple iOS, MacOS, and WatchOS devices. It urged people to immediately install security updates.

Researcher John Scott-Railton said the news highlights the importance of securing popular messaging apps against such attacks. “Chat apps are increasingly becoming a major way that nation-states and mercenary hackers are gaining access to phones,” he said. “And it’s why it’s so important that companies focus on making sure that they are as locked down as possible.”

The researchers said it also undermines NSO Group’s claims that it only sells its spyware to law enforcement officials for use against criminals and terrorists and audits its customers to ensure it’s not abused.

“If Pegasus was only being used against criminals and terrorists, we never would have found this stuff,” said Marczak.

Facebook’s WhatsApp was also allegedly targeted by an NSO zero-click exploit. In October 2019, Facebook sued NSO in U.S. federal court for allegedly targeting some 1,400 users of the encrypted messaging service with spyware.

In July, a global media consortium published a damning report on how clients of NSO Group have been spying for years on journalists, human rights activists, political dissidents, and people close to them, with the hacker-for-hire group directly involved in the targeting. Amnesty International said it confirmed 37 successful Pegasus infections based on a leaked targeting list whose origin was not disclosed.

One case involved the fiancee of Washington Post journalist Jamal Khashoggi just four days after he was killed in the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul in 2018. The CIA attributed the murder to the Saudi government.

The recent revelations also prompted calls for an investigation into whether Hungary’s right-wing government used Pegasus to secretly monitor critical journalists, lawyers, and business figures. India’s parliament also erupted in protests as opposition lawmakers accused Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government of using NSO Groups’ product to spy on political opponents and others.

France is also trying to get to the bottom of allegations that President Emmanuel Macron and members of his government may have been targeted in 2019 by an unidentified Moroccan security service using Pegasus. Morocco, a key French ally, denied those reports and is taking legal action to counter allegations implicating the North African kingdom in the spyware scandal.