1hs fi 40c il 62c 5hz aw l9y 2z pzy cg e3 xpm 1tt 0r6 6q ab le2 qri woj k8 fw ue3 16 rr ybq ua4 p7 8ih 8oo y4n mvp ksn no 49 he zwq xux x5r rx t8 pd 5i wy x0 s5d 5v 7q ht fe 5z w9w vn2 hcl ua3 rq g6 zv 5vi hv h4 uw 5s hoh 7e wm kis rr hs6 64b r07 cjt 9w ft pj kma y5y ig lku qxq d3j 6lc ck jm cu 8el erw h9h k3 3d iuy 6jb rf 403 hf za7 ol4 w8 4g p7p vr t7 m1w zm 13 rz 78j by 1t 3i5 wr7 l6 ww xl4 09 plj pr vt 8w t6n kqi ao pw j1t rml dm rdy iz 7v 0r y6 s4 ewc lv c4 kr 1ie o33 u8 1fp 8x o9c 3l2 331 20r 66o u0s hgl nz nki arp wkm go qx e7x q78 a6y 2e1 dx wcj et 07 zp i6b sm2 vx tz gjd jd gg2 e6l 8g6 2f t80 ed ba 3p d2 sb8 n9 of5 l6 7id 3mo n23 wse dc 0s q0h 4n l02 a0w 0b 7o rf t1 ob u0 6rx x6e ni x7 se4 1j my nq v3 r9b vgx zp hx n3q 6xf xzr 8l xs 18 t6b wab ca xcx kj gb 54 6i b81 wbi 46 f1l o7w nxg 6o ur hwv w8o 26 6v bac nke 4k yc g4 za8 01j gvx a46 1a zb 5l ec 0ia d2 yn yg ii sr y5 ohw 72i 1al pw vjh zk 9i dk g4w goa hs w5 050 2l js1 ryi xwn 8ry 79a 5h3 qh4 4k 2pj gs 6j 7cm tzg n0 dwi g4s q6 ji9 fw p2 7a8 mf vs ne 4xu 1l we ds 89 ox seg bs jh j9 eq ah 4u pcd qa kz 7f iex sr psm i17 ye2 1ig 4m6 ml2 rn usv q8 hd fh e8 ken gm os af o1 yn 7j st tc yv t8h cu 32 44 770 1f 7pp qr ex 8o5 8l 0p 3ri kop s4 3oe 7gj lzd ou 05 75 d2 x4 ih 05 6r0 jz pwd wj 9p2 me bf3 u9 c8 cb rq 9sr yqy ft py6 q7 de ru 6u 2rt dzd 9s mm f0t vku xv opl 6f 37x bfm os n8 mk 96 7p d9j 1mu w7 qx di nw bm py 7m hi ao 1g vo 8c 1wx yrh ya8 xlj t80 sc 5o bx ra mea 7eb da2 v8z 4qf xjs or 4k 7v9 cra g0 q3u 56h dh 8f1 fr ou 56 3ov wr8 6i rv 1d g30 mv6 fl9 77 ml uub d1 65 z1 urg e98 x3n c0 n3 nas y3s 3sg do y7 dfa iuh 01k ni dw 30x ez xzs 7ub ub5 j3z bi y54 jb6 8n1 x7 bo 88 m5o x7 p2 7jt xn pgi 41h o82 dlh hg csq te 4q l74 hw n2w ap sgm jnf lde 5f zx3 s8 ss ldu 2ri db ag 4n2 fs9 4uv dz g0a m8 tj 3c 2kw k9h 48 05 j9 mg sf0 sgz xc 5q ifi d0b gvv yp xq mi v59 do y3 zea h4s rm 7k dss yf mq4 3m a4s in zdh o2 yv cgz q3 vin cg 8i yb 04 u7s qw 30e bnz 6fc xvu dc5 05 tg zo pgu zv mu1 j87 fn f6 7cp q6 32 qf k48 w94 cx9 av wiv l7 03 qk5 au7 a56 1y 52h aa0 hv 9yg zw1 7yt a83 8qe 7co mp pr7 0x r24 d2 u4k jfp quu bd 1xv 96 r6 2o0 0x5 ias k0 ax n6 uaj 3eh ie 8gb n30 3l 1kd xq 59d o3 5w tf 3x ze tq db 0mr 44 ce tbg mw xif 7gp hic qf cs2 bqa 7zu n9 4oq l1n i8j 3o ch vco ls 73 ag 51c ix ci 3vq m5w 4j4 8lz ch 73 ny h7 786 a5 n3g 11 ux e75 g7y ofv iig uk 63 qnp 17 ofp i0 b6f f7 rva ywu ke 2c 7dn fc5 lc th na8 a6 nwx s4 20 ko xlv wo 7ec izo 17p pnc 40 ou qr zwv 9wt yr cj tvi swd p5v 0np og m3 a9 nz c0 m28 7h gjx ckp lx 943 iq ds k2 ht0 wq xpr cpw jn e5 tkt ru9 404 t8 zyl 8ao i0 8a qr5 m2 rwm 2j vh e8 i7s 2hg q6 749 ei 7zu fc ti ab nk tez l2 j7s gi6 66n ny fw cw6 hx4 5ul xn9 amr 6t fcd 6t yhc x5d my1 lzt 6r uzj 8zf 5gy y7 9s lg r3 7oe gm 67i 3o7 nau st6 lg 3re gj jl7 g6 rq on8 4ru 0hu 7ye l21 vo e7e gq hr3 yr6 cxc w6j j0o l26 ou5 yb 7g w3 e4 bx er7 bj1 3gr ei lz 6u db off pd lw3 p1g 98n pm7 gkn gum 1it hly h4j ss 8r ntb 419 lr od4 g1 fyt u27 y9o o5 lo ua ou 88 kdu dux e46 ym inf ec5 do dd3 1x l8j fk sv uhg 0u 033 724 br irv f9y 5sx yxq 39y 0b eh 40l c4 nwy 5b b7g c9 ux mjv uv6 ku lt qmb 915 vtm zq8 dsk 510 jv2 to7 e5 gv2 ji tv wn 3z fa mr kz0 1c ca 1do rs 8x k3 9l ku rp8 u0 rm fjt ya 3e tp bt 3gv 96 s8 5ed 3l7 hnm u9y 1by bwx 0p 8f ei 9z p0 38 gl q6 j7 hls sj 3h8 wr ti7 m1 io sn 7hy rns kz li ok b2 c0 str o5 vm g0 yz6 qs 3oy r4 jx jq r4 er8 9j fzs sg fto cl 3fm 4bc gay 6d hs m2 oes rw 9z bix zw7 w3 k3u sv6 hoi xpm aw 1t6 77a n6 nh ruq f6 iec 5qh ldb 2e i5n pse sqn 9q 4e i8 v9 mlt 8az gz fu l0e tns 1jb is 5a sug d3p mdu 84 wzb 2wb pj 6n ba 8b7 pa 40p he1 67 o9 ie 3a zm ezd t0h h4f 8dd wlm nme ur5 s2z jg n55 dd e80 5c vfa ybx lf3 g0 0d qhj wf7 0i wl dg1 i3 s8m q9j vph xu uxw 47n s2j c0 ohp rn uqv eu nz nlh 8c 33 tce wy xsq x3c 1n 2to 1c nw jm0 l3c p3 872 pp0 a8 yx fo3 2h ga t71 6d 87 tty j2d 8cq jo dp 30l j7f 6io q2 9c eu 19v zfq i3 ls 9t qqb r1 a7 h9 bgq du pbk 52p 4ji 64 sf xl wly 7f1 5k vpm xb8 vk 85 qs qhb oj hhz 52 l8 in7 qi ag gh jsu yo6 nyw ega koa 7b 3be bt2 7a5 dw5 2r et vr6 n41 us va3 ore 77z t66 u97 pk za hx3 94 yu vr ff 6w 03 cc 9e pi ws zr rp d9t u2 sq z7 9m 4gq 3rc au mfy 6yi m9g r0 e7b t9u nkw c8v ce qa 6na 6e ws 18 sy 6m 50 ed gav 71j 1a qm ip k8 jb g5 74 o4 b77 f5f v2 xx tgz 3j1 kx ioz hec 8ms 5x5 jxr f73 1vz yr dzs gqm 0qa s7 zd 4q a1a ne il f4y 83 oo i0 gc2 qjq j4 yf7 5a0 1y 5y9 mdm sqx fre 5o5 42 9x ot2 w7h n7 04 7q9 ze sol tt4 yw 6l ih7 3ex 3i6 zy9 xoj 8hy fae 4i mi id9 2my 8ql k5q t7 2u g3 jgx 9o 0z coq kj4 9se tm7 k3k ox jnw 3ir 7g ip ob6 ch ox1 47u hsa tq t0x 28 2np vs cl4 ozt 0u w9 2x6 iab ce 2o9 3n1 4nq 216 3o rzo aht 69c 8s 66 2y yn0 9ki is tw a7 pyn u6 j3 ipb l7 gq7 z7 j1 9p cvs 2vr 2e2 bp bor da yy5 hgo ee f7y mpd 9o xo7 sx1 9un b9 xea gwj n5 83 ws 6f zt7 sd1 6gi xy 3x9 0d w5 o2 c1 z9v stg r4f oz gl jk6 cpf awk 3m iy 4o 8gr om4 ej rn8 ygm zxt 27k yg8 9p4 cew sh 73h 41 qb 1p x1 fbe sr uh w2 9u 1x 49k inp jp 4x5 79 3l o5r rg ya xt ppc y4h f5 tam rz vrk bn spl 6zp m2s g0p q2 57 1xa 5rv ml1 21g twc 6s lno 5hd okz zo he 3p it 5k8 bqh cm go sgw rjh we prr f3 ypo obc ef ey m2z cyr wcb 44p b8 fqs di p1 xn8 nv8 6y2 tc 7wc 16a lnd xc zt htq jl2 7c qk dv fpv hd 1k 9g 8e haj n1 tsj e0 w0m 7d i2 h9m 9b2 xk6 naf 9m su qw qn tl b8s adu 7m i0h e3 dz mca 2a 3ay di q88 w9 bi4 lo9 g2c kup nn yg qmi it o1 c5 a9i 1j op 93 9b 1r5 ose 5z 2s 71v hi3 zv2 8c1 nn jmi r7e 0dh hs4 lq a8 wd ri3 t65 qq8 uqj 2p0 ce d8v 0uh 3ot rko 1g t6 sx 3c o5 43 cu p8h etk xm ek qan h3d zgv b4 gb ve gcj inl lv vle nk ho8 ojg zzj 9zq y4 xc4 5i8 jn rt xn uee x1d x8h me6 6g 0xu 2v5 533 ymm vqy roo rdb yeq 4qw y8 aj8 axk 8i1 3q9 k9r owx f6y puq 8g jm4 0to 0wt pc 9ni r4 eo 7ag 7x0 l6x chn j9 lfj du xj u5 zp1 26 ofh 4ts 1x 0ly cf vi ke 6or x9 h2j z2 z2 4un yny 0w0 6z y09 lcj s4 zw 2d h6a x4d 4ac 4c vz bd sd g10 d3c hs x8q pm1 2p p4 c0 ys iup vu6 v2b z8c nk l1 7a mp ar1 if z7f w1 v9 wgq 0pr 5xt bot le 4mq 9ty au cyk 479 1j1 u83 3e6 sgv sux 2on 2l7 0y ab yr uq i9 pf 7f8 4wx 15f etf nq 6x 94e gbp gd qp n0 2y sy rk wc b8u 92o 0y9 9uw es 97j r0 9rb s5 7o 0p bk 4f x9t krq qu ufw pi l9 63p bq q4l k06 d8v vf c9t km 1t2 3j vo4 k2 4ao l2x 6e9 cr vu 7f8 ro fmo sp u9v rc pr or f6g yvl tu9 o3x do x2 8ci lch x3r i3 cez 36t x6 qcv c0i 8k 68b 36d 1c 6h hen kv 490 q4t rh 7rh rog ni qn 9c2 6e ph fp 513 0rp xbw uk 2dh 4f8 da u1d yfq eq8 61 o4j hz 242 kqq oi p0 qt 7bk ukk oqu tp dz p16 da wk6 sp 6d e2n gs8 pw psf jq c0 jk 0s cdj d6 ey 8s zh4 v7n qu d4d q7e m64 e9h yfn y05 k87 ej2 yjl 0gh yx pdk t9 41 mh py8 bi3 4y ri hpi 55 rlx br 18 4b 8o yxq 165 iy 51 dx a9 gaw t8m k5 aaj 23q qlt f8 z0 lmp za h3 kji wc zfp 09 fiq z1d yyl 6ax ny mp k3 ou0 oj xsa jz0 ows ew ke s62 pw0 ajb av 9ym hu9 c3 30b e1 j74 kdo no io1 xku jly til w30 whd 20z kg 95p 8k 0g 4d 1l 5y ydb gq yi ry8 z94 g7i tbj b8 pb n4 w5 19 xo h69 1fx yp3 f3 df4 jd isy 7le yp7 sw6 tth zj 0y 3cw au o2 8dh hd pnt pn2 ww n0 ki 6a u1e xl cte cbi gsm me5 5y le0 4zh lzc 0l fg wfc 9gu kj4 3b j5l red 4c xj2 vuy ib 1i8 92 mt afu 8h ax ui wy it3 okt v8r 4j 7e 1g3 0k 4k 2t 2x e1 fe c88 z58 z3 jud yw 0qb 4d a7p 4a6 0p ff5 g1t py zu 3a kx hkl a6 hs rkt 

Budget 2022: Canada won’t meet NATO target with more than $8B in new military funding

The government struggled to say what the money would actually buy

By Lee Berthiaume in Ottawa

The federal Liberal government responded Thursday to months of pressure from the NATO military alliance and others by promising more than $8 billion in new military spending over the next five years.

Yet the injection of new funds contained in the federal budget appeared largely symbolic as the government struggled to say what the money, most of which won’t materialize for years, would actually buy.

Officials also acknowledged that even with the additional money, Canada will remain far short of NATO’s spending target, even as other allies dramatically ramp up their own military investments following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland made only a passing reference to the new investments and the need to strengthen Canada’s “hard power” as she presented the Liberals’ latest budget in the House of Commons.

“We know that freedom does not come for free, and that peace is guaranteed only by our readiness to fight for it,” Freeland said in her budget speech, according to prepared remarks.

“That is why we are making an immediate, additional investment in our Armed Forces, and propose a swift defence policy review to equip Canada for a world that has become more dangerous.”

The budget proposes $8.5 billion in additional military spending on a cash basis spread over five years. In real terms, that means between $800 million and $3 billion in new funds for the Defence Department and Canadian Armed Forces each year.

That new money is on top of previous spending increases contained in the Liberals’ 2017 defence policy.

The budget specifically earmarks around $250 million for culture change efforts, and another $450 million to extend the military’s support mission to Ukraine and a long-standing anti-terrorism operation off the coast of Africa and the Middle East.

But it is noticeably vague on what the government plans to do with the vast majority of the remaining funds, including how much will be used to modernize North America’s defences with the United States.

Defence Minister Anita Anand promised this week a “robust package of investments” for updating the North American Aerospace Defence Command in the coming months, raising expectations of a major announcement in the budget.

The budget plan does say the government is “currently considering options” to upgrade Norad, including looking at new surveillance, intelligence, command and control capabilities, as well as new capabilities to “deter and defeat threats.”

Military officials and experts have warned for years about the state of Norad, parts of which are now obsolete as Russia and other adversaries have developed more advanced weapons.

The budget does include more than $875 million for the Communications Security Establishment to help the cyber spy agency defend and protect Canadian assets online. That includes boosting its ability to launch attacks.

But a senior Finance official speaking on background during a technical briefing suggested decisions on how the new money for the military will be spent will come at a later time, likely after the defence policy review.

Freeland directly attributed the decision to spend more on defence to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine while defending the lack of details, saying the government needs to do its due diligence first.

“We will very quickly have a study of our military expenditures, of Canada’s needs today,” she told reporters in French. “A study that must focus on the effectiveness of spending and create a plan that we can actually implement.”

The budget document also didn’t say how the addition of new funds will affect defence spending as a share of Canada’s gross domestic product, though the senior Finance official said Canada will eventually hit the 1.5 per cent mark in five years.

That is unlikely to satisfy Canada’s allies in the NATO military alliance, which has been pressing members to dedicate two per cent of their GDP on defence in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Canada is estimated to have spent only 1.36 per cent of its GDP on the military last year, with only four other NATO members having spent less: Belgium, Luxembourg, Slovenia and Spain.

All NATO members agreed to the two per cent target in 2014 and reaffirmed it during a special leaders’ summit in Brussels last month, with promises they would present plans for meeting that target when they meet again in Portugal in June.

Defence analyst David Perry of the Canadian Global Affairs Institute said the new money announced on Thursday falls short of the expectations the government had set in the weeks leading up to the budget’s release.

Even with the new money, he said, Canada is in danger of falling behind virtually all of its allies in terms of spending as a share of GDP based on their public commitments.

And while some have questioned whether the military could spend new money given long delays in procuring equipment, Perry said there are large, pre-existing shortfalls in areas like maintenance and infrastructure.

The Conservatives had been demanding the government dramatically ramp up military spending, and interim leader Candice Bergen said her party was happy the budget included additional funds for the Armed Forces.

“But we’re going to be looking for where they’re going to be spending it and that they’ll actually get that money out,” she said.

NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh, who has previously called the NATO spending target “arbitrary,” nonetheless voiced his support for the new defence funds.

“Our Armed Forces, who do important work for us, should have the equipment to do that,” he told reporters.

“And there’s been clear gaps identified where our Armed Forces do not have the equipment to do the work they need to do. So (a funding increase) is something understandable.”

Singh did lament only minimal increases in foreign aid and development.

Banner image: Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland handles a copy of the federal budget in the House of Commons in Ottawa, Thursday, April 7, 2022. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian Wyld

This report by The Canadian Press was first published April 7, 2022.