Ontario’s State of Emergency – What you need to know

General health measures, retail, social services, schools

The Province of Ontario will enter a second COVID-related State of Emergency at 12:01 a.m. Thursday (January 14) and lasting until at least February 11.

“We have 15 million people in Ontario, each with their own individual circumstances. So we need everyone to use their best judgment,” said Premier Doug Ford on Wednesday. “If you’re not sure if a trip is absolutely essential, it probably isn’t. So please, you must stay home.”

Police services, including the Barrie Police Service, ask that Ontarians not call communications centres or 911 with questions of the upcoming stay-at-home order.

In a nutshell, Ontario residents are required to stay at home except for the following reasons:

  • Work, school and child care.
  • Obtaining goods and services that the government deems necessary. Goods include groceries, services include health care and financial services. This section also includes doing curbside pickup.
  • Assisting others.
  • Health, safety and legal purposes, including exercises.
  • Travelling to another residence or moving.
  • Obtaining goods and services necessary for the health and safety of animals

The details:

General Public Health Measures for all Individuals

Stay at Home

Physical Distancing
Every person in a place of business or facility that is open to the public shall maintain a physical distance of at least two metres from every other person except their caregiver or other members of the person’s household, with limited exceptions.

Face Coverings
Every person in the premises of a business or organization that is open shall ensure that they wear a mask or face covering that covers their mouth, nose and chin when they are in indoor areas of the premises, with limited exemptions.

Accessing Closed Indoor and Outdoor Recreational Amenities
No person shall use an indoor or outdoor recreational amenity that is required to be closed.

General Public Health Measures for all Businesses, Organizations and Facilities

Work from Home Except Where Necessary
Each person responsible for a business or organization that is open shall ensure that any person who performs work for the business or organization conducts their work remotely, with limited exception, for instance, where the nature of their work requires them to be on-site at the workplace.

Physical Distancing and Line Management
Businesses or places must not permit patrons to line up inside the businesses or place or to line up or congregate outside of the business or place unless they are maintaining a physical distance of at least two metres from other groups of persons and wearing a mask or face covering that covers their mouth, nose and chin unless they are entitled to an exception set out in the regulation.

Screening
Businesses or organizations must operate in compliance with the advice, recommendations instructions issued by the Office of
the Chief Medical Officer of Health on screening individuals.
This includes:
• Workplaces must screen any workers or essential visitors entering the work environment. See the COVID 19 Screening Tool for Workplaces for more information.

Personal Protective Equipment including Eye Protection
Personal protective equipment that provides protection of the eyes, nose, and mouth, is required if a worker is required to come within 2 metres of another person who is not wearing a face covering and not separated by plexiglass or some other impermeable barrier.

Capacity Limits
All businesses or facilities must limit capacity so that every member of the public is able to maintain two metres of physical distancing from every other person, and limit the number of people occupying any room that is open to the public to 50% capacity of the particular room. Some businesses or facilities have additional capacity restrictions that apply beyond the general capacity requirements.
All businesses or facilities that engage in retail sales to the public must post a sign in a location visible to the public that states the maximum capacity they are permitted to operate under.
Note:
• The maximum number of persons permitted in a business or facility that is operating at 50 per cent capacity is determined by taking the total square metres of floor space accessible to the public in the business or facility, not including shelving and store fixtures, dividing that number by 8 and rounding the result down to the nearest whole number.
• The maximum number of persons permitted in a business or facility that is operating at 25 per cent capacity is determined by taking the total square metres of floor space accessible to the public in the business or facility, not including shelving and store fixtures, dividing that number by 16 and rounding the result down to the nearest whole number.

Cleaning and Disinfection
Businesses or places that are open shall ensure that equipment, washrooms, locker rooms, change rooms, showers that are accessible to the public are cleaned and disinfected as frequently as is necessary to maintain a sanitary condition.

Face Coverings
Businesses or organizations must ensure that masks or face coverings are worn by any person (including members of the public and workers) in the indoor area of the business or organization, with limited exceptions.

Safety Plans
Requirement for all businesses open to prepare and make available a
COVID 19 safety plan. A copy of the plan shall be made available to any person for review upon request, and be posted where it would come to the attention of individuals working in or attending the business.

Businesses Permitted to Open and Sector Specific Restrictions

Radio and television broadcasting, newspapers

Gas stations and other fuel suppliers

Automated and self-service car washes

Laundromats and drycleaners

Snow clearing and landscaping services

Courier, postal, shipping, moving and delivery services

Funeral and related services


Staffing services including providing temporary help

Cheque cashing services

Supply chain
• Businesses that supply businesses or places that are permitted to open within Ontario, or that supply business or services that have been declared essential in a jurisdiction outside of Ontario, with the support, products, supplies, systems, or services, including processing, packaging, warehousing, distribution, delivery, and maintenance necessary to operate

Restaurants, bars, and other food or drink establishments
• Take out, drive through, and delivery permitted only
• Includes the sale of alcohol

Outdoor recreational amenities
• No person is permitted to use an indoor or outdoor recreational amenity that is required to be closed
• Outdoor recreational amenities permitted to open, subject to conditions, include (weather permitting):
– Parks and recreational areas
– Baseball diamonds
– Batting cages
– Soccer, football and sports fields
– Tennis, platform tennis, table tennis and pickleball courts
– Basketball courts
– BMX parks
– Skate parks
– Frisbee golf locations
– Cycling tracks and bike trails
– Horse riding facilities
– Shooting ranges, including those operated by rod and gun clubs
– Ice rinks
– Snowmobile, cross country, dogsledding, ice skating and snowshoe trails
– Playgrounds
– Portions of parks or recreational areas containing outdoor fitness equipment
– Tobogganing hills and skating trails
A permitted outdoor recreational amenity may only open if:
• Any person who enters or uses the amenity maintains a physical distance of at least two metres from other person using the amenity (excluding
members of the same household)
• Team sports, or other sports or games where people may come within two metres of each other, are not practised or played within the amenity
• Any locker rooms, change rooms, showers and clubhouses remain closed, except to the extent they provide access to equipment storage, a washroom
or a portion of the amenity that is used to provide first aid
Ski hills are closed

Facilities for indoor or outdoor sports and recreational fitness activities
• Closure of all indoor and outdoor sports and recreational fitness facilities except for:
– Facilities operated or for the sole use of high-performance athletes, including parasport athletes, and specified professional leagues (e.g., NHL, CFL, MLS, NBA)
– Facilities opened solely for specified purposes (e.g. child care)
• Community centres and multi-purpose facilities (e.g., YMCA) allowed to be open for permitted activities (e.g., child care services, mental health and
addiction support services [limited to 10 people maximum], social services)
• All subject to conditions

Businesses that deliver or support the delivery of community services including:
• Sewage treatment and disposal
• Collecting, transporting, storing, processing, disposing or recycling of any type of waste
• Potable drinking water
• Critical infrastructure repair and maintenance including roads, dams, bridges etc.
• Environmental rehabilitation, management and monitoring, and spill clean-up and response
• Administrative authorities that regulate and inspect businesses
• Professional and social services that support the legal and justice system
• Government services including but not limited to policing and law enforcement, fire and emergency services, paramedics, coroner and pathology services, corrections and court services, licences and permits
• Allotment gardens or community gardens

Driving instruction
In-person driving instruction
• No in-person driving instruction permitted except:
– For instruction for drivers of commercial motor vehicles
– Where the instruction is part of the Ontario Driver Certification Program administered by the Ministry of Transportation and involves the
operation of motor vehicles for which:
– A class of driver’s licence other than Class G, G1, G2, M, M1 or M2 is required
– An air brake endorsement is required
– Or that is provided by a private career college, in accordance with certain conditions

Retailers
Supermarkets, convenience stores, indoor farmer’s markets and other stores that primarily sell food
• Open for in-person retail, subject to:
– Members of the public being able to maintain two metres physical distance from every other person in the business or facility and complying
with face-covering rules
– The number of persons occupying any room that is open to the public does not exceed 50% capacity of the particular room
• Curbside pick-up and delivery permitted

Pharmacies
• Open for in-person retail, subject to:
– Members of the public being able to maintain two metres physical distance from every other person in the business or facility and complying
with face-covering rules
– The number of persons occupying any room that is open to the public does not exceed 50% capacity of the particular room
• Curbside pick-up and delivery permitted

Discount retailers and big-box stores that sell groceries
• Open for in-person retail, subject to:
– Members of the public being able to maintain two metres physical distance from every other person in the business or facility
– The number of persons occupying any room that is open to the public does not exceed 25% capacity of the particular room
• Curbside pick-up and delivery permitted
Other retailers:
• Distancing and face-covering rules apply
• Operating hours of 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Safety supply stores, businesses that sell, rent or repair assistive/mobility/medical devices, and optical stores that sell
prescription eyewear to the public:
• By appointment only
• Limit the number of persons occupying any room that is open to the public in the business to not exceed 50% capacity of the particular room
• Curbside pick-up and delivery permitted
• Operating hours of 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Stores that sell liquor, including beer, wine and spirits:
• Limit the number of persons occupying any room that is open to the public in the business does not exceed 25% of the particular room
• Curbside pick-up and delivery permitted
• Operating hours of 9 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Shopping malls:
• Closed for in-person retail. Members of the public are only permitted to enter the mall to:
– Access businesses and organizations permitted to be open (e.g., pharmacy, dentist); food court open for take away, or by appointment only to facilitate pick up as set out below
– Access court services and government services
• Shopping mall may establish:
– A single designated location inside the shopping mall for order pick up by patrons. Pick up inside the shopping mall must be by appointment
only
– Any number of designated locations outside the shopping mall for curbside pick-up by patrons
• Members of the public not permitted to loiter in any area of the shopping mall that is not related to the purpose of their visit
• Must open no earlier than 7 a.m. and close no later than 8 p.m., except to provide access to grocery stores/supermarkets, pharmacies, and health
care providers that only have public entrances that face the interior of the mall

Cannabis retail stores operating under the authority of a retail store authorization issued under the Cannabis Licence Act, 2018:
• By curbside pick-up or delivery only; Operating hours of 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.
• An item may only be provided for curbside pickup if the patron ordered the item before arriving at the business premises

Garden centres
• Curbside pick-up and delivery permitted; Operating hours of 7 a.m. to
8 p.m.
• An item may only be provided for curbside pickup if the patron ordered the item before arriving at the business premises

Motor vehicle sales
• Includes cars, trucks and motorcycles; recreational vehicles including motor homes; trailers and travel trailers; boats and o the r watercraft; and other motorized vehicles, including power-assisted bicycles, golf carts, scooters, snowmobiles and all-terrain vehicles
• By appointment only
• Members of the public must not be permitted where products are neither sold nor displayed for sale
• Subject to certain conditions related to test drives
• Operating hours of 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Outdoor markets
• Includes farmer’s markets and holiday markets only if they primarily sell food to the public
• Must require members of the public to remain outdoors at all times, including for curbside pick-up or delivery
• Operating hours of 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.

General Retail (all other retail, including hardware stores, pet food, computer stores, etc.):
• Curbside pick-up or delivery only (in-person retail shopping not permitted)
• An item may only be provided for curbside pickup if the patron ordered the item before arriving at the business premises
• Sales must be exclusively made so patrons are not required to enter the indoor area of the business, including curbside pick-up or delivery
• Operating hours of 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Libraries
Libraries may open:
• For contactless curbside, delivery, and pick up
• For permitted services (e.g., child care services, mental health and addiction support services to a limit of 10 persons [AA mee tings], provision of social services)
• If they ensure that circulating materials returned to the library are disinfected or quarantined for an appropriate period of time before they are recirculated
• Contact information recording required

Community centres
• Permitted to open for:
– The operation of child care centres and authorized recreational and skill-building programs within the meaning of the Child Care and Early Years Act, 2014
– Mental health and addictions support services (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous) permitted to a maximum of 10 people

Rental and leasing services, including automobile, commercial and light industrial machinery and equipment rental
• By appointment only

Security services for residences, businesses and other properties
Domestic services

• Only to support children, seniors or vulnerable persons, including housekeeping, cooking, indoor and outdoor cleaning and maintenance services

Vehicle and equipment repair and essential maintenance and vehicle and equipment rental services
• By appointment only

Hotels, motels, lodges, cabins, cottages, resorts and other shared rental accommodation, including student residences
• Any indoor pools, indoor fitness centres, or other indoor recreational facilities that are part of the operation of these businesses, are closed
• Pre-arranged booking for short term rentals prohibited with exceptions for housing requirements

Veterinary services
• For services that are necessary for the immediate health and welfare of the animal only, or provided through curbside pick-up and drop off of the
animal

Other businesses that provide for the health and welfare of animals, including farms, boarding kennels, stables, animal shelters and research facilities

Businesses that provide pet training exclusively for service animals

Hotels, motels, lodges, cabins, cottages, resorts and other shared rental accommodation, including student residences
• Any indoor pools, indoor fitness centres, or other indoor recreational facilities that are part of the operation of these businesses, are closed
• Pre-arranged booking for short term rentals prohibited with exceptions for housing requirements

Seasonal campgrounds
• Must be made available only for trailers and recreational vehicles used by individuals in need of housing or are permitted to be there by seasonal
contract
• Only campsites with electricity, water service and facilities for sewage disposal may be provided for use
• All recreational and other shared facilities, excluding washrooms and showers must be closed
• Other areas of the seasonal campground must be closed to the general public and must only be opened for the purpose of preparing the seasonal
campground for reopening

Financial Services
• Capital markets and related securities trading and advisory services
• Banking/credit union activities including credit intermediation
• Insurance
• Land registration services
• Pension and benefits payment services
• Financial services including payroll and payment processing and accounting and tax services

Real estate (including pre-sale construction)
• No open houses showing a property permitted by appointment only

Telecommunications providers and services (phone, internet, radio, cell phones etc.) and facilities necessary for their operation and delivery
• Retail stores operated by a telecommunications provider or service may only permit members of the public to enter the premises by appointment
and only for repairs or technical support

Businesses and facilities that provide transportation services, including:
– Transportation services provided by air, water, road, and rail, including taxis and other private transportation providers, and
– Support services for transportation services, including:
– logistical support, distribution services, warehousing and storage, truck stops and tow operators, and
– services that support the operations and safety of transportation systems including maintenance and repairs
– Marinas, boating clubs and other organizations that maintain docking facilities for members or patrons with conditions
– Businesses that provide and support online retail, including by providing warehousing, storage and distribution of goods that are ordered
online

Manufacturing
Businesses that extract, manufacture, process and distribute goods, products, equipment and materials, including businesses that manufacture inputs to other manufacturers (e.g. primary metal/ steel, blow molding, component manufacturers, chemicals, etc. that feed the end product manufacturer), regardless of whether those other manufacturers are inside or outside of Ontario, together with businesses that support and facilitate the movement of goods within integrated North American and global supply chains

Construction
• Permitted construction activities or projects and related services, including land surveying and demolition services.
• Construction projects and services associated with the healthcare sector and long term care, including new facilities, expansion s, renovations and
conversion of spaces that could be repurposed for health care space.
• Construction projects and services required to ensure safe and reliable operations of, or to provide new capacity in, provincial and municipal
infrastructure, including transit, transportation, energy, mining and justice sectors beyond the day to day maintenance.
• Construction projects and services that support the operations of, and provide new capacity in schools, colleges, universities, municipal infrastructure and child care centres within the meaning of the Child Care and Early Years Act, 2014.
• Construction projects under the Investing in Canada Infrastructure Program
• Construction projects and services that support the operations of Broadband internet and cellular technologies and services.
• Critical industrial construction activities required for,
• the maintenance and operations of petrochemical plants and refineries,
• significant industrial petrochemical projects where preliminary work has already commenced,
• industrial construction and modifications to existing industrial structures limited solely to work necessary for the production, maintenance,
and/or enhancement of Personal Protective Equipment, medical devices (such as ventilators), and other identified products directly related to
combatting the COVID 19 pandemic.
• Construction projects that are due to be completed before July 2021 and that would provide additional capacity in the production, processing,
manufacturing or distribution of food, beverages or agricultural products.
• Construction projects that were commenced before January 12, 2021 and that would,
– i provide additional capacity for businesses that provide logistical support, distribution services, warehousing, storage or shipping and
delivery services, or
-ii. provide additional capacity in the operation and delivery of Information Technology (IT) services or telecommunications services.
• Residential construction projects where,
• a footing permit has been granted for single-family, semi-detached and townhomes
• the project is a condominium, mixed-use or other residential building, or
• the project involves renovations to residential properties and construction work was started before January 12, 2021
• Construction to prepare a site for an institutional, commercial, industrial or residential development, including any necessary excavation, grading,
roads or utility infrastructure.
• Construction and maintenance activities necessary to temporarily close construction sites that have paused or are not active and to ensure ongoing
public safety.
• Below grade multi-unit residential construction projects, such as apartments and condominiums. The Ontario government also provided that
businesses must follow public health measures and should review the workplace safety guidelines.

Construction on any project intended to provide either, affordable housing, or shelter or supports for vulnerable persons,

If the project is being funded in whole or in part by or is being undertaken by, any of the following:
A. the Crown in right of Canada or in right of Ontario,
B. an agency of the Crown in right of Canada or in right of Ontario,
C. a municipality,
D. a service manager as defined in the
Housing Services Act, 2011, or
E. a registered charity and not for profit within the meaning of the
Income Tax Act (Canada)

Meeting or event space
Only permitted to open for:
• The operation of child care centres and authorized recreational and
skill-building programs within the meaning of the Child Care and Early Years Act, 2014
• Court services
• Government services
• Mental health and addictions support services (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous) permitted to a maximum of 10 people
• Social services
Contact information recording required

Short term rentals
Short term rentals (e.g., cottages, cabins):
• Only to be provided to individuals who are in need of housing
Refer to the Services section for details on motels, hotels, lodges, resorts and other shared rental accommodation, including student residences

Organized Public Events, Social Gatherings, Religious Services, Rites and Ceremonies, Post-Secondary Institutions and Day Camps

Events and Gatherings
No indoor organized public events and social gatherings, except with members of the same household (the people you live with). Individuals who live alone and single parents may consider having exclusive, close contact with another household to help reduce the negative impacts of social isolation.
Limit for outdoor organized public events and social gatherings,
must comply with requirements on physical distancing and face coverings:
• 5 people outdoors

Weddings, funerals and other religious services, rites or ceremonies
Wedding services, funeral services and other religious services, rites or ceremonies where physical distancing can be maintained and in compliance with rules on face coverings
• 10 people indoors
• 10 people outdoors
Drive-in services, rites or ceremonies permitted, subject to certain conditions.
Virtual services permitted.

Health care and social services
• Organizations and providers that deliver home care services or personal support services to seniors and persons with disabilities
• Regulated health professionals
• Professionals or organizations that provide in-person counselling services
• Organizations that provide health care including retirement homes, hospitals, clinics, long term care facilities, independent health facilities and
mental health and addictions counselling supports
• Laboratories and specimen collection centres
• Manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors and retailers of pharmaceutical products and medical supplies, including medications, medical isotopes,
vaccines and antivirals, medical devices and medical supplies
• Manufacturers, distributors and businesses that provide logistical support of or for products and/or services that support the delivery of health care
in all locations
• Organizations that provide critical personal support services in-home or residential services for individuals with physical disabilities
• Organizations that support the provision of food, shelter, safety or protection, and/or social services and other necessities of life to economically disadvantaged and other vulnerable individuals
• Businesses that are primarily engaged in the provision of health and safety training with conditions

Post-secondary institutions

• Post-secondary institutions open for virtual instruction, with limited exceptions where in-person instruction is required (e.g., clinical training, trades). Subject to physical distancing with limited exceptions
• In-person teaching (each instructional space at the institution at one time) and in-person examinations cannot exceed 10 persons, with limited
exemptions for:
– Diagnostic cardiac sonography and diagnostic medical sonography
– Diagnostic ultrasound
– Medical imaging
– Medical laboratory assistant and Medical laboratory technician
– Medical radiation technology
– Medicine
– Mental health and addictions services, including psychology services, social work services and counselling services
– Nursing
– Paramedic
– Personal support worker, supportive care worker, home care worker or a similar occupation
– Pharmacy/pharmacy technician
– Public health inspector, if the program is accredited by the Canadian Institute of Public Health Inspectors
– Rehabilitation sciences (nutrition, speech-language pathology, occupational science, and physiotherapy)
– Respiratory therapy
Subject to additional requirements for in-person teaching that involves singing or the playing of brass or wind instruments.

Day camps for children

Closed

Schools

• Schools in grey zones as of December 18, 2020, remain closed until February 10, 2021 – Windsor, Toronto, Peel, York and Hamilton
• The Chief Medical Officer of Health will provide advice and an announcement will be made by January 20, 2021 regarding the return to
in-person learning in all other PHUs.
• The following new health and safety measures will be introduced to further support protect students province-wide:
– Mandatory masking for students in Grades 1 3.
– Masking requirements outdoors where physical distancing cannot be maintained.
– Enhanced screening protocols will be introduced where recommended by the CMOH. To support this, Ontario’s COVID 19 School and Child
Care Screening Tool will be updated to reflect the new screening.
– Expanded targeted testing.

Child care

Child care for non-school aged children (and JK and kindergarten children not enrolled in school immediately prior to December 21, 2020) will
remain open including child care offered in licensed centres and in
home-based settings (licensed and unlicensed).
• For regions where schools reopen for in-person learning on January 25, emergency child care for school-aged children of front-line workers will end on January 22. Before and after school programs will be authorized to resume on January 25.
• For regions where schools reopen for in-person learning on February 10, emergency child care for school-aged children of front-line workers will end on February 9. Before and after school programs will be authorized to resume on February 10.
• In addition to the robust health and safety practices already in place in child care settings, the following new health and safety measures will be
introduced to further protect children province-wide:
– Enhanced screening to align with screening requirements at schools.
– Voluntary participation in targeted, asymptomatic testing.