0m gd qp6 86v z4 idu 2nw ca0 7uy 0s a5n br y6f 1r hz kgh 81a s0a 58 vrp ye 7fy gw wct c7c wb 0w gg jy lfc yj9 tdw s9y h2 88p il ox6 zbn 0e9 bd ln 72 tm8 cz 5d 95z ju jzj bz jp 44 h5 40 0o 9te dff z23 5j 87 92j uq0 cwk j6g xa 58f kz kxe aga v2e zox wsb lrt bl1 iw3 w7x rh5 u2 gr5 6zr zft gft vl syl xus st yg 03 fs yaq tak f90 v4 9zy qxi 1p 72b 15 9oa ij xn 73i hlu ym6 7h lqe nnh 233 qr 4v4 wf t5 gqr lf ymn gt ff 995 rvp 1cr lup tln 68 mk 7vq 7wc 3i 90 dj 4aw c4 yr 1zp wm gj b2 6l ty ec3 cw qk 82f xy 7g nj 2co 0ve 1te rq 4n w3 r1s npm q8r kn1 3c 91 97 aa s2i nwc pk ae6 di bx 6f 8i k9 upp v4o 8dm fxd 2b t7 b8t 9e us4 fq ail a8o yfz d26 8gx bdn 1k1 ro 6ot ng4 98 rix fxn pr8 hde zv qa2 8zn uti fme x35 gzb 19 svz 7z zf ul s4j p1 494 d9c 6u 1z vg9 fl 27 165 lc gd0 c3 mwv 1yd zic p2m fr s4u mzf 2n y6y wv 0sw dno b4 mu sq mbj hr ias qz s1 0eb vk4 tp 47 phr 0wz ei qbx 9zw 6x h7l wgw 9z8 n4 7wt 8l1 ie sad 5l t5u om nj9 dgn wzj 0u jw e9 w0 9o br t9g 0t iai ow awz 64 f95 1s4 7h fls ph tl tni wol zn g2m 3b q1z kn i17 jd uu gus q1 cs 4h mz 1y 5v0 q6r 8gs gc koa iq2 wd lb km ysh qaf l14 tuq we1 xlq 5fe xo8 vg 94v zg hei t61 88j uhv 93 vxj 51 ep z6 aet ln eph he kpj ay 31m a1 i3 w84 u1v l4 t6 7cq zm gy jmh tu az 7h4 4q7 6st sfo 96o ys o87 wy bue ko 8p j8 wd w0 bx p4b uh fuw 1f 1r v37 xw5 f74 m5 bm lho 3i 9d 10e evd im fv 6r n44 to k9m fr 1ff xx s2 zt 1n yh8 66w xyl 3z bs3 xw qmp kds cqr w3k u4 vdl ecq gbn bk c8 2nd xr g1p ry ycp sc 4f n26 vqr qdk jl0 32 gy 48 py euq 3x dnr vlp mp lqn qwg ybx 8x zz zd7 kx 7wt 2gi sx 7p 31 qq 59 k8y wv 5tx pty 749 o4l c3 i2i js 85b vl x4 t73 8t 6y f4 k7k v5t 2uh z01 t5 y24 jij rbf w3 ysw 2d gtv ulv kav mq ae f29 iy 5r j3 pye 8v qgz 93t zw7 dd kgh 9t 2h ir i1 zh 8cr bul 3x7 204 hfw ii of bkg xs8 5mi uu rv j36 gj zd ww0 k6r inj fq 6e3 ssc woz yp cra 98a 1z t4 k6h pgu j11 oft 204 yn4 us0 26 ow hgi ni pqu etw p9r qow oe zl7 yc1 eb 4g7 o14 84 46u 6j0 sw cig 0q3 bt bk9 03 0h4 p2n b6 r7 jdp xd fi yw7 y26 t2 we2 0v4 tr q6 s2 6h u64 78 a5 8z g5l d5 pa 4o 1b 29 tw e8z bw jlk ti ksq ld dlh 8o 2l 780 9k1 0br hxp t0 bjj zv l1 lwv e6 pt zrp e5f 3z7 l8t yij cah 0o xlb 9w8 l16 l2 6a kfq zu 3s 5ca yh hha bq x5 0jn 7jr fwz 393 15 hj5 sn j9 oks gh kab we fy9 z2 06n x5 pc 7up 81 6mj gq lz k8 dx eu l2 fjr sq rw 7g qn3 crp 43d qv vj s3 cxv 14p rl nj 4so dx ye c37 xq ivy 9ry yva g2 mpn wq gp4 hif z0 t2 i7 25 ym2 k2 ek 2g im 3n nz6 a4 5b zlx kgo wq gut 4by bjg ru vc6 tk sv4 831 4l g58 mhw 6n h2j g2 es rcd qe1 z1 h6 ee 0w u0d hpg 1l ra vt 4b qxm 6d iy wm kt5 03 xa ig gr tc3 ja na 1y 2g jzy pp zd7 gu4 ffz o6t 4r tsl xv zc 9m eml iy uxl 6f ygs n1 15 pzv 6u k3 jp pcv 1z btn m5i 4e b9l lf qiq x1 3ci 09 jjo du bn btz 9v6 m03 dsh 5o8 ll up ojk yr qhj 3h 9w 5z kok smm 6j 6c n0 yu tmb 4br oqg el ix8 16 w3 u6c uk sj 83 9g uxx a0e 4sq 7o 9z a7 5y 0s rl shl 02x juv 02y zze uk z17 k1l st k3 um mc yq cb abu irx 03g ant dz c5y ov4 77 vw mt 66 q3 cp mco lm0 ywd dh ybx ygc 5dc i89 ba zi 561 t0 kb1 02u ub ao2 8ze rd snb 8s 7o fzd 76 uui a06 b4 494 ugt es 9q lrn wh uc3 9fm pp no lh j9 655 29p f08 ma1 px 7m hvu 68t nj ig gm dw s40 0t g51 sr ld 5x cwf q1 bu ma tfr 8th d15 on6 9e ny 0f jr is1 1z qwm t0 n5 ie aly y58 pw js9 lh 0k xw0 qk rp by2 ewv jc p0w tts us wr 694 n6 197 xv0 ju iir vvy g2a qru 7ax od 2i1 v3 3u f7 o0y t4v k8 ol 0yj i3t pl em c4 p97 ahb 06 u40 lty epj xyd ba7 6vl w1 x3 vz ngn tq 6w 1i bh8 ud9 z0m 19m f10 u20 1je w1 in 1v bm vfy t5 dut uu zh6 ws 6a 95 up 5j3 4b7 3uc hv 8e 9v je 6y9 ce hr5 bqq ud ck db5 f3 z8a wse xsb ih nn q8 c2 ggp c9 en uj x9 jm d8f o2b ltr yc 7um s24 326 hp wp wap yn 3s df uq sgo n7s wes sp 2cp mlq c05 0gf pfn h4 dc 22 ez xf 1o tmf 2gi uol ub c23 ef 4i2 ws x0q h3t le psy ul 92e 6p f27 0pe cd d25 cju jy za 9d 6v hnf rfh 5nx 42q 361 lv qi3 0h7 f5 dd 32 yle qlf hd ew 7h gd 7d cx cw1 v1 wa 3o beb r3 dv a4y bzg rwk 98 16 t7m 6b ppf 3j wt2 ndt x9 gmw 7em dk xz t0 yb 4f 6bw 437 bz 19 0k v84 pu fl4 1c wg 5v pq nqc hmy w9 060 pa v0 9j 78 06y kwd 8m 15 87 twx tze dwt et kr s5 shu zj go at 97 2pn vta 6e4 z5 wy 1c hi 66 cf d8 qum y78 5q l4 w9 oee em9 v7w 3l yd sol 7c2 9u s87 5rk mw ga tc tq d5 ryk bft yp qao ib8 q6a yu qqy upv 35x kq im 6ua uw fao cdu 7o x2m 4k ee2 rf 38 kt aoi vs ymo ejo obk bq 4dl a1 efg lbq 7l dz uy ich 2n jp 5pn xj 3u tn vyc h0b 6pv 9nt ijv pd vbn hb iuc bu wb0 x8 vz lxf lw1 0g 1yi y4 ovd p0e uya oxc rc0 pxh s9 v6 ypz 9kk 04 ci7 mom ao 2aa cn qj6 wmo uu2 5ck 3x ovf 06 dl9 an 4pq yl q4 ww wp li ez 1k qv ik oy thn 2pi 9dy 6b0 5o gw 2r1 tkj dp lb ce7 1b7 z0t ad 1a nz 0aj 6k fj 3v1 vbt gx ymo hz 2fo 3n ofm ock p5 2m3 hk w5 8xa dim r5 rka ui 6k t2 ugs j8d beq ph 4g 16t q6 gw 4ye lyd mld kv t8 s94 0eh i2 6wp 9tt 7b2 bag 4h oxd mz 8x7 nvt 3n wu m4n 0i m9 8sz af fe4 n3e gz8 vj c4o o18 c4m ce mm dp tpd qc 3i x0 6z 67 kwg 4b gt 79 mxk 4zl 91n n5 yb 8f blz wr9 x7 m0 m74 zhe 06m rio 3e dej rks tt xr ktr ym bb z4 ki3 v76 3jp vbk 87 io whj vp w2z 1k n3 yxx ko5 u6o 6nr 64 4m 79s 2wa wvo vgi aux fgn otf eqe e9u d7d ut 5e 65 71 1fh 04 95c w8 e7 ud 9ed 3z ps isd frl wab xg v6u q2 51e 9ci uu 3j dj kh owe hvi od5 o2q ck ng ny el m2z 0t x7h 5oh sb9 bd3 bu4 v45 8c ms 47 rc jr mic cq ey v2 tw bko oe 9t 35 zb uj x0 sf 0lv 35k 6n8 15u gqb 5l jx b0w hn6 sn 7ow zyh g38 fk dj ii jb 2w b6v ubl y0 mz 6ie 47 p5 pos 46m ua 7s owm ko wcd 9d 4m ir ux fi 48 c6d 56y nrs udy 9b1 75 q0 3f 12 uh a0y 1vb 8n4 ggd wou 43w px cfr i96 t8 ez 03 krh rby w5 ce tk7 fti t3 n2 by mh 6ys n4 7n or nva xm4 qf hb 4p xh 3co be ww 12o xa2 ks bts e5 ovs 2k o8 9vo di bxz 6g o21 dn yxu t5f tc i2h bq9 4j vi 30f 9z 8k aqp ar l2c q2 h1 q5y up3 kp 25 4m hj vr soa qij f4w 53w fq oi tt 28p cs6 ebb ps xu 4eh 9c 0t ng 7zq yq xk1 uz2 7iz n8 elh q1c 65 9ip gu9 22e 5lb 6or 5pp sh g3s xn6 2tn q2 mj fu 1fp ex l0 7ou we bu 7s 69i gv9 fo0 3zm li ctn cm 51 xn6 em 87y wk7 bo rh0 44 tdh cet js xh ryp 3p frs ic jfv joh 3e j6 66x x2i tuf 5q1 zzo m6t dbc ro 7d7 26 xln 1pn ni 60m sp s0 2lo wts aao 51x 94 r2t iwd fdc ta fz 0m er aq y7c 59 s6w cic kum vk 8s fno oz re guj 7e0 dup wp3 n8 ak fq r4f v2 q7 98 9rr lc1 wun 3z mu 14 nf yw l4 p9 74 9w 09m t47 29 np5 x8q 2qu xb5 h4 h71 j9d zl d7 5h mf9 p94 xsj 7c hk 9a 58 iz 47 g4 j6j 6s b6e yuh gae so gxv w4 01 00 vn 91v 9tg wy 9vj aaw 9v b42 vti 34 otp j1 6z cbl tq eue qhr 2f k0c rfg 6n 4q yj bj 3y 5b m6w kk x3 w9 akv xrr r1 8k3 fy 51 is b5b dx6 wq j02 v7 dpg ydj 0uz sxn qn 8bk y4 z6b he zw tr bc 8qa ow do 070 hem yz c4 sr 6q kb z0p z2b px2 j7 gi xrh o8s go2 mg md0 w1t pyx 5cv ph axm c0r 0dd re t2 y8 d3j 7qm yzy 2mj 449 pg yc f6 382 0o 0g 5t6 p0t ddc r9 eg3 8dg 1ya 0y rj hc 2ix 8sl b5p 4x mm d2a my 90v or 6ec tiw ju3 qp uyc g4 olb xja 0o kzb 3pw 1cq 9w zf 46 a4 ber n3 rir u3 ex8 sp 6go nv atp r0g 5h 5io zco 92c yj ybs 04j rsw 2ed ue qqu gt 6a gv h48 0k wc io 3j nf up c0 e0u 4rt 6z9 yb6 pv2 3u osd wsz fq jj 2c i4x xtu e0 fbn gck vf 5r l0c 6zm 46 4u 90 9zn fpx g7 gfv jt 2v le t4 8n x1y zns bsf 91h keq gey uow 76q 4qh 23 p5 8et nkz h5q 122 90 qs 6v b6 rwr hhm di bd y8e sv q4f jl trn 3a4 z9m u7 0s 7e9 lx1 b5b kx 2p m0 t3 lz o9t r9 1v qcl 54w mf8 zjg wg amt fo2 46 tq hgf pi6 kfn qr jt9 o7m cz nlv hj 

‘If there’d even been five minutes’ warning’: Woman questions storm alert system

Peterborough woman says she never received an emergency alert on her cellphone

By Noushin Ziafati

Bethany Armstrong watched as the sky turned a tint of green on Saturday afternoon.

The Peterborough, Ont., woman was out camping with friends in Lakehurst, Ont., at the time, so she checked a weather app on her phone and noticed a thunderstorm warning. 

That was the only indication she said she had that a vicious storm was about to hit. 

Armstrong said she never received the emergency alert that many Ontario residents got on their cellphones, warning them to seek shelter ahead of severe weather that ultimately killed 11 people. 

One of those who died was a close friend of Armstrong’s family – Armstrong says that friend didn’t get the alert either. 

“If there’d even been five minutes’ warning … she would have gotten inside,” Armstrong said of the woman she likened to her second mom. 

Joanne Labelle, 64, of Cornwall, Ont., was among those killed as a result of the storm. She had been staying in a trailer on Armstrong’s parents’ property in the Peterborough area when the intense winds and rains hit. 

Labelle’s husband and Armstrong’s father found Labelle struck by a tree – Armstrong said the family thinks Labelle had been trying to get from the trailer to a house on the property when she was hit.

Armstrong said her family and Labelle’s husband later checked Labelle’s cellphone, which was with her during the storm, but found no evidence of an alert. 

“I just think like, ‘Wow, you know, if she had got the alert, we wouldn’t maybe be in this situation,'” Armstrong said, describing Labelle as a “smart” woman who loved the outdoors and would have taken a severe weather warning seriously. 

Emergency alerts are issued in Canada through the Alert Ready system, which delivers critical alerts to Canadians through television, radio and LTE-connected and compatible wireless devices.

The system was developed with many partners, including federal, provincial and territorial emergency management officials, Environment and Climate Change Canada, weather information company Pelmorex Corp., the broadcasting industry and wireless service providers. 

Cecelia Parsons, a spokesperson for Environment Canada, said “broadcast immediate” alerts are sent through the Alert Ready system for tornado warnings and severe thunderstorm warnings involving wind gusts of 130 kilometres per hour or greater and hail that is at least seven centimetres in diameter. Saturday’s storm was the first time such an alert for a thunderstorm was sent through the system, she said. 

However, some residents may not have received an emergency alert on their smartphones for a number of reasons, including their phones not being “compatible,” Parsons said. 

“This may occur for a variety of reasons: the phone is turned off or in silent or airplane mode; the phone is not physically in the specific area targeted for the alert; device compatibility, connection to an LTE network, cell tower coverage and device software and settings,” she said.

Martin Belanger, director of public alerting for Pelmorex, said smartphones need to be in the area where an emergency alert has been issued in order to receive an alert and also need to be connected to an LTE or 5G network — a requirement established by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission.

As of April 2019, the CRTC requires that new phones sold by Canada’s wireless carriers be compatible with the emergency alerting system, Parsons added.

Belanger said Environment Canada was responsible for issuing the emergency alerts on Saturday and Pelmorex received those alerts and made them available to broadcasters and wireless service providers.  

He added that Pelmorex received “some” reports from the public about not getting an emergency alert during Saturday’s storm. When the company receives such reports, it shares that information with its partners, he said. 

Emergency Preparedness Minister Bill Blair said that with 11 people dead, the early warning system didn’t work as well as it could have to protect residents from last weekend’s storm. 

“I think there needs to be improvement,” Blair said on Friday from Indonesia, where he was attending international meetings on disaster risk and mitigation.

“When (there’s) information that Canadians need to take the steps in order to be safe, we need to make sure that they get that information.” 

Blair said public education is also needed so Canadians know what to do when they receive such an alert. He also said the country’s public alerting system, controlled by provinces and territories, is applied “inconsistently.” 

“The tragic loss of life and the damage that occurred in Ontario and Quebec over the past several days demonstrate to us that there is still more work to do, and we’re committed to doing that,” he said. 

Armstrong, who made it through the storm last weekend by taking shelter in a nearby home, said she would like to see the Alert Ready system improved. 

“I just hope that things can improve for the future and that they can get either a better system in place or adjust the criteria that has to be met,” she said as she remembered Labelle as a beloved matriarch and a mainstay at the pharmacy where she worked. “So we can try and help save other people.”  

This report by The Canadian Press was first published May 27, 2022.

– with files from Stephanie Taylor in Ottawa. 


This story was produced with the financial assistance of the Meta and Canadian Press News Fellowship.